The interconnected complex systems involve use of raw materials, water and energy as well as wastes generation to produce goods and services. The goods and services provides economic welfare but not discount the losing of ecosystem services. Our goal is support the decision-making by quantifying of water-energy-wastes nexus to achieve a balance between sustainable production-consumption. This balance between water and energy consumption and reduction of waste generation can provide food and nutritional security, ecosystem equilibrium and human wellbeing as a sustainable engineering system.
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The synergies and tradeoffs between water and energy use for food production, including food security and human activities does not include inefficiencies such as waste production. The wastes can be understood as a raw material to be recirculated to promote circular economy providing the energy and material recovery. A sustainable waste management should allow the energy and materials recovery to alleviate the consumption of water, energy and raw materials into complex systems.
Water is a key input for industrial activities, urban systems and producing agricultural goods along the entire food supply chain. A key issue to understand is the relationship between water withdrawal, water resource management and well being provided by its consumption. We are looking for understand the tradeoff between water, GDP and Inequality
Energy is required to produce goods and services as well as distribute water and food. However, the pumping water from groundwater, pressurized irrigation or desalination processes need a lot of energy provided by hydroelectricity as well. Then, we need to understand the tradeoff between water and energy requirements into societal systems